P.S. Ruckman, Jr.
      Professor of Political Science, Rock Valley College
      Instructor, Northern Illinois University
    
      Editor: Pardon Power Blog
      Author: Pardon Me, Mr. President: Adventures in Crime, Politics and Mercy (Forthcoming)
      Author: George W. Bush and the Pardon Power (Forthcoming, Mellen Press)
      PSRuckman@aol.com  /  Office Phone 815-921-3392
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BOOKS / MONOGRAPHS (51)
 
 
- Biskupic, Joan and Elder Witt. 1997. The Supreme Court and the Powers of the American Government. Congressional Quarterly Press.
- Brake, Andrew S. 2005. Man in the Middle: The Reform and Influence of Henry Benjamin Whipple, the First Episcopal Bishop of Minnesota. University Press of America.
- Brito, Jerry and Veronique de Rugy. 2008. “For Whom the Bell Tolls: The Midnight Regulation Phenomena.” Mercatus Policy Series Primer, No. 8, George Mason University.
- Brown, Heath. 2012. Lobbying the New President: Interests in Transition. Taylor and Francis: New York.
- Chapman, Roger. 2010. Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices. M.E. Sharp, Inc., Armonly, NY.
- Cheney, Lynne. 2005. A Time for Freedom. Simon and Schuster: New York.
- Cole, Richard. 1996. Introduction to Political Science and Policy Research, St. Martin's Press: New York.
- Corrections: Key Issues in Crime and Corrections. 2011. William Chambliss (Ed.) Sage Publications.
- Crouch. Jeffrey. 2009. The Presidential Pardon Power. University of Kansas Press: Lawrence.
- Ducat, Craig R. 1996. Constitutional Interpretation, West Publishing Company: St. Paul, MN. 6th Edition. vi.
- Edwards, George C. III and Stephen J. Wayne. 1997. Presidential Leadership: Politics and Policy Making (5th Edition) St. Martin's Press: New York.
- Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment. 2002. David Levinson (Ed.) Sage Publications.
- Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court. 2005. David Schultz (Ed.) Facts on File.
- George Washington: Foundation of Presidential Leadership and Character. 2001 Prager / Greenwood Press. Ethan Fishman, Mark J. Rozell, and William D. Pedersen (Editors).
- Guide to the Supreme Court. 2004. David G. Savage and Joan Biskupic (Editors). Harrigan, John J. 1996. Politics and the American Future. McGraw-Hill (4th Edition).
- Heineman, Kenneth J. 2012. Civil War Dynasty: The Ewing Family of Ohio. New York University Press.
- Neal and Andrew Hochstetler. 2006. Choosing White Collar Crime. Cambridge University Press: New York.
- Johnson, Janet Buttolph, Richard Joslyn and H.T. Reynolds. 2001. Political Science Research Methods. 4th Edition. Congressional Quarterly Press
- Judicial Independence at the Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Approach. 2002. Stephen B. Burbank and Barry Friedman (Eds.) Sage Publications.
- Kalt, Brian C. 2012. Constitutional Cliffhangers: A Legal Guide for Presidents and Their Enemies. Yale University Press: New Haven.
- Keefe, William J. and Morris S. Ogul. 2001. The American Legislative Process: Congress and the States (10th Edition). Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
- Kessler, Alexander P. 2006. The United States Senate: Chronology and Institutional Biography. Gazelle Distribution.
- Krent, Harold J. 2005. Presidential Powers. New York University Press.
- Kyvig, David E. 2008. The Politics of Impeachment American Constitutional Culture Since 1960. University Press of Kansas.
- Kura, N.O. 2006. Senate of the United States. Nova Publishers.
- Levinson, David. 2002. Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment. Berkshire Publishing Group.
- Maltese, John Anthony. 1995. The Selling of Supreme Court Nominees. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
- Marshall, Thomas R. 2008. Public Opinion and the Rehnquist Court. State University of New York Press.
- Meyer, Linda Ross. 2010. The Justice of Mercy. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor.
- Miller, William Lee. 2008. President Lincoln: The Duty of a Statesman. Alfred A. Knopf: New York.
- Morris, Mark. 1998. "The Overlooked Relevance of the Pardon Power." in Presidential Frontiers Unexplored Issues in White House Politics (Ryan J. Barrilleaux, ed.) Praeger: Westport, Connecticut.
- Nelson, Michael. 1996. The Presidency: A History of the Office of the Presidency from 1789 to Present. Smithmark Publishers.
- Nemacheck, Christine L. 2008. Strategic Selection: Presidential Nomination of Supreme Court Justices from Herbert Hoover Through George W. Bush. University of Virginia Press.
- Neubauer, David W. 1999. America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System. West / Wadsworth: Belmont, California.
- Neubauer, David W. 1997. Judicial Process: Law Courts and Politics in the United States (4th Edition). Harcourt Brace: Fort Worth.
- Parry-Giles, Trevor. 2006. The Character of Justice: Law and Politics in the Supreme Court Confirmation Process. Michigan State University Press.
- Pika, Joseph A. and John Maltese. 2008. The Politics of the Presidency. 7th Edition.  Congressional Quarterly Press: Washington, DC.
The Pioneers of Judicial Behavior. 2002. Maveety, Nancy (Ed). University of Michigan Press.
- Peretti, Terri Jennings. 2001. In Defense of a Political Court. Princeton University Press.
- Posner, Richard A. and William Landes. 2007. "The Economics of Presidential Pardons and Commutations." John M. Olin Law and Economics Paper No. 320. The Law School: University of Chicago.
- Sarat, Austin and Nasser Hussain. 2007. Forgiveness, Mercy and Clemency. Stanford University Press: Palo Alto, California.
- Scherer, Nancy. 2005. Scoring Points: Politicians, Activists and the Lower Federal Court Appointment Process: Stanford University Press.
- Shover, Neal and Andrew Hochstetler. 2006. Choosing White Collar Crime. Cambridge University Press: New York.
- Shull, Steven A. 2006. Policy by Other Means: Alternative Adoption by Presidents. TAMU Press.
- Siegel, Barry. 2013. Manifest Injustice. The Story of a Convicted Murderer and the Lawyers Who Fought for His Freedom. Henry Holt and Company: New York, NY.
- Smith, Christopher. 2003. Critical Judicial Nominations and Political Change: The Impact of the Clarence Thomas Hearings. Praeger Publishers.
- Spirling, A. 2007. “Bayesian Approaches for Limited Dependent Variable Change Point Problems.” 15 Policy Analysis 387.
- Steigwalt, Amy. 2010. Battle Over the Bench: Senators, Interest Groups and Lower Court Nominations. University of Virginia Press.
- Stewart, Patrick A. 2012. Debatable Humor: Laughing Matters on the 2008 Presidential Primary Campaign. Lexington Books: New York, New York.
- Ward, Artemus. 2003. Deciding to Leave: The Politics of Retirement from the United States Supreme Court. State University of New York Press: New York.
- Whitman, James Q. 2003. Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide Between America and Europe. Oxford University Press.
 
PROFESSIONAL JOURNALS (57)
 
- Ainsworth, Scott H. and John Anthony Maltese. 1996. "National Grange Influence on the Supreme Court Confirmation of Stanely Matthews." 20 Social Science History 273-285.
- Atkins, Burton. 1993. "Alternative Models of Appeal Mobilization in Judicial Hierarchies." 37 American Journal of Political Science 780.
- Atkins, Burton. 1992. Selective Reporting and the Communication of Legal Rights in England." 76 Judicature 58.
- Atkins, Burton. 1992. “Data Collection in Comparative Judicial Research: A Note on the  Effects of Case Publication Upon Theory Building and Hypothesis Testing.” 45 Western Political Quarterly 783.
- Atkins, Burton. 1991. "Party Capability Theory as an Explanation for Intervention Behavior in the English Court of Appeal." 35 American Journal of Political Science 881.
- Atkins, Burton. 1990. "Communication of Appellate Decisions: A Multivariate Model For Understanding the Selection of Cases for Publication." 24 Law and Society Review 1171.
- Binder, Sarah A. and Forrest Maltzman. 2002. "Senatorial Delay in Confirming Federal Judges, 1947 to 1998." 46 American Journal of Political Science 190-99.
- Bond, John R., Richard Fleisher and Glen S. Krutz. 2009. “Malign Deglect: Evidence That Delay Has Become the Primary Method of Defeating Presidential Appointments.” 36 Congress and the Presidency 226.
- Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. and Christopher J.W. Zorn. 2003. "Duration Models and Proportional Hazards in Political Science." 45 American Journal of Political Science 951-67.
- Bratton, Kathleen A. and Rorie L Spill. 2004. "Moving up the Judicial Ladder: The Nomination of State Supreme Court Justices to Federal Courts." 32 American Politics Research 198-218.
- Carrubba, Cliff,  Barry Friedman, Andrew D. Martin and  Georg Vanberg. 2011. “Who Controls the Content of Supreme Court Opinions?” 56 American Journal of Political Science 400.
- Crouch, Jeffrey. 2011. “The Toussie Pardon, Un-Pardon: The Abdication of Responsibility in Clemency Cases.” 38 Congress and the Presidency 77.
- Crowe, Justic and Christopher F. Karpowitz. 2007. "Where Have You Gone Sherman Minton?  The Decline of the Short Term Supreme Court Justice." 5 Perspectives on Politics 425-445.
- Dinan, John. 2003. "The Pardon Power and the American State Constitutional Tradition." 35 Polity 389-418.
- Erler, Abbie H. 1997. "Executive Clemency or Bureaucratic Discretion: Two Models of the Pardons Process." 37 Presidential Studies Quarterly 427.
- Fisher, Louis. 2012. Teaching the Presidency: Idealizing a Constitutional Office. 45 PS: Political Science 17-31.
- Fisher, Louis. 2012. “Presidential Budgetary Duties.” 42 Presidential Studies Quarterly 754.
- Giles, Michael W., Virginia A. Hettinger and Todd Peppers. 2001. "Picking Federal Judges: A Note on Policy and Partisan Selection Agendas" 54 Political Research Quarterly 623-41.
- Gottschalk, Marie. 2011. “Extraordinary Sentences and the Proposed Police Surge.” Criminology and Public Policy, 10:123-136.
- Holmes, Lisa M. 2007. "Presidential Strategy in the Judicial Appointment Process." 35 American Politics Research 567-94.
- Howell, William and Kenneth R. Mayer. 2005 "The Last 100 Days." 35 Presidential Studies Quarterly 533-553.
- Johnson, Timothy R. and Jason M. Roberts. 2004. "Presidential Capital and the Supreme Court Confirmation Process." 66 Journal of Politics 663-83.
- King, James D. 2001. Roll Call Votes on Cabinet Positions.” Congress and the Presidency 33:1.
- King, James D. 1996. "Senate Confirmation of Cabinet Nominations: Institutional Politics and Nominee Qualifications." 33 Social Science Journal 273-85.
- Krutz, Glenn S., Richard Fleisher, and Jon R. Bond. 1998. "From Abe Fortas to Zoe Baird: Why Some Presidential Nominations Fail in the Senate." 92 American Political Science Review 871-81.
- Law, David S. and Solum, Lawrence B. 2006 "Judicial Selection, Appointments Gridlock, and the Nuclear Option." 15 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 51.
- Martinek, Wendy L., Mark Kemper and Steven R. Van Winkle. 2002. "To Advise and Consent: The Senate and Lower Federal Court Nominations, 1977-1998." 64 Journal of Politics 337-61.
- Maschke, Karen and Susan Siggelakis. 2008. “To Whom It May Concern: Senator’s Opening Statements at Supreme Court Confirmation Hearings.” 24 Southeastern Political Review 77.
- McMahon, Kevin J. 2007. Presidents, Political Regimes, and Contentious Supreme Court Nominations: A Historical Institutional Model. 32 Law & Social Inquiry 919-54.
- Moraski, Bryon T. and Charles R. Shipan. 1999. "The Politics of Supreme Court Nominations: A Theory of Institutional Constraints and Choices." 43 American Journal of Political Science 1069-95.
- Nixon, David C. 2001. "Appointment Delay for Vacancies on the Federal Communications Commission." 61 Public Administration Review 483-92.
- Nixon, David and Roisin M. Bentley. 2005. "Appointment Delay and the Policy Environment of the National Transportation Safety Board. 37 Administration and Society 679.
- Ogundele, Oyu and Linda Camp Keith. 1999. "Re-examining the Impact of the Bork Nomination to the Supreme Court." 52 Political Research Quarterly 403-20.
- Posner, Richard A. and William M. Landes. 2009. "The Economics of Presidential Pardons and Commutations." 38 The Journal of Legal Studies 61.
- Primo, David M., Sarah A. Binder and Forrest Malzman. 2008. “Who Consents? Competing Pivots in Federal Judicial Selection.” 52 American Journal of Political Science 471.
- Rodriguez, Lauri J. 2009. “Regulatory Decision Making: Structure and Agency in the Development of the Organizational Sentencing Guidelines.” 51 Law and Social Change 109.
- Rosenzweig, Paul. 2012. “Reflections on the Atrophying Pardon Power.” 102 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 593-611.
- Rottinghaus, Brandon and Daniel E. Bergan. 2011 “The Politics of Requesting Appointments: Congressional Requests in the Appointment and Nomination Process.” 64 Politics Research Quarterly 31.
- Routh, Stephen R 2004. “The Contingency of Senate Consent: A Study of the Determinants of  Roll Call Confirmation Voting on Executive Branch Appointments, 1945-1996,” 41 The Social Science Journal 67-82.
- Schaller, Thomas F. and Thomas W. Williams. 2003. "The Contemporary Presidency: Post  Presidential Influence in the Postmodern Era." 33 Presidential Studies Quarterly 188-200.
- Scherer, Nancy. 2001. "Who Drives the Ideological Make-Up of the Lower Federal Courts in a Divided Government?" 35 Law and Society Review 191.
- Scherer, Nancy, Brandon L. Bartels and Amy Streigerwalt. 2008. “Sounding the Fire Alarm: The Role of Interest Groups in Lower Federal Court Confirmation.” 70 Journal of Politics 1026-39.
- Schraufnagel, Scot. 2005. Testing the Implications of Incivility in the U.S. Congress, 1977-2000:The Case of Confirmation Delay." 11 Journal of Legislative Studies 216-234.
- Schulzke, Marcus and Amanda Carroll. 2011. “Judicial Review in Context: A Response to Countermajoritarian and Epistemic Critiques 58 Theoria 1.
- Sharma, Hemant and John M. Scheb II. 2011. “The Impact of Divided Government on the Supreme Court Appointment Process: An Assessment of Judicial Extremism, 1946-2009.” 39 Politics & Policy 1077–1105.
- Shipan, Charles and Megan Shannon. 2003. "Delaying Justice(s): A Duration Model of Supreme Court Confirmations." 47 American Journal of Political Science 654-68.
- Shipan, Charles. 2008. “Partisanship, Ideology and Senate Voting on Supreme Court Nominations.” Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 5: 55-76.
- Sommer, Udi. 2013. “Representative Appointments: The Effect of Women’s Groups on Contentious Supreme Court Confirmations.” 34 The Journal of Women, Politics and Policy 1-22.
- Spirling, Arthur. 2007 “Bayesian Approached for Limited Dependent Variable Change Point Problems. 15 Political Analysis 387.
- Swers, M.L. and C.C. Kim. 2013. “Replacing Sandra Day O’Connor: The Politics of Supreme Court Nominations” 34 Journal of Women, Politics and Policy 23-48.
- Szmer, John and Donald Songer. 2005. "The Effects of Information on the Accuracy of Presidential Assessments of Supreme Court Nominees Preferences." 58 Political Research Quarterly 151-60.
- Vining, Richard L. (Jr.). 2009. “Judicial Departures and the Introduction of QualifiedRetirement.” Justice System Journal 30: 139.
- Ward, Artemus. 2001. "The Nominations Presidents Make: Appointing Supreme Court Justices." 28 Congress and the Presidency 63-84.
- Whitford, Andrew and Holoma Ochs. 2006 “The Political Roots of Executive Clemency.” 34  American Politics Research. 825-46.
- Zeisberg, Mariah. 2009. “Should We Elect the Supreme Court?” 1 Perspectives on Politics 785.
- Zigerell, L.J. 2010. “Senator Opposition to Supreme Court Nominations: Reference Dependence on the Departing Justice.” Legislative Studies Quarterly, 35: 393-416.
- Zorn, Christopher and Steven R. Van Winkle. 2000. "A Competing Rick Model of Supreme Court Vacancies, 1789-1922." 22 Political Behavior 145-66.
 
LAW REVIEWS / REPORTS (28)
 
- Barkow. Rachel F. 2009. "The Politic of Forgiveness: Reconceptualizing Clemency." 21 Federal Sentencing Reporter 153–159.
- Berman, Douglas A. 2010. Turning Hope-and-Change Talk Into Clemency Action for Nonviolent Drug Offenders 36 New England Journal on Criminal and Civil Confinement 59.
- Brito, Jerry and Veronique de Rugy.. 2009. Midnight Regulations and the Regulatory Review.” Administrative Law Review 61: 163.
- Brundy, James J. 2003. "Recalibrating Federal Judicial Independence." 64 Ohio State University Law Review 149.
- Chapman, Robert B. 2002. "Missing Persons: Social Science and Accounting for Race, Gender, Class, and Marriage in Bankruptcy" 76 American Bankruptcy Law Journal 347.
- Epstein, Lee and Tonja Jacobi. 2008. “Super Medians.” 61 Stanford Law Review 37.
- Finkelman, Paul. 2013. “ ‘I Could Not Afford to Hang Men for Votes.’  Lincoln the Lawyer, Humanitarian Concerns, and the Dakota Pardons.” 39 William Mitchell Law Review 405.
- Flanders, Chad. Forthcoming. Pardons and the Theory of the ‘Second Best.’ Florida Law Review.
- Huang, Joanna M. 2010. “Correcting Mandatory Injustice: Judicial Recommendation of  Executive Clemency.” 60 Duke Law Journal 131.
- Justice Undone: Clemency Decisions in the Clinton White House. House Report 454, 17th  Congress, January 23rd – November 22, 2002. U.S. Congressional Serial Set Number 14778 at pages 507,8.
- Krent, Harold J. 2001. "Conditioning the President's Conditional Pardon Power." 89 California Law Review (No. 6) 1665-1720.
- Law, David S. 2005. “Appointing Federal Judges: The President, the Senate and the Prisoner’s Dilemma.” 26 Cardozo Law Review 479.
- Love, Margaret Colgate. 2013. “Reinvigorating the Federal Pardon Process: What the President Can Learn From the States.” Issue Brief. American Constitution Society.
- Love, Margaret Colgate. 2010. “The Twilight of the Pardon Power.” 100 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.
- Love, Margaret Colgate. 2007. "Reinventing the President's Pardon Power." 20 Federal Sentencing Reporter 6.
- Love, Margaret Colgate. 2003. "The Pardon Paradox: Lessons of Clinton's Last Pardons." 31 Capital University Law Review (No. 2) 185-218.
- Love, Margaret Colgate. 2001. "Fear of Forgiving: Rule and Discretion in the Theory and Practice of Pardoning." 13 Federal Sentencing Reporter 125.
- Menitove, Jonathon, T. 2009. "The Problematic Presidential Pardon: A Proposal for Reforming Federal Clemency." 3 Harvard Law and Policy Review Midnight Lawmaking: Shedding Some Light. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, First Session, February 4, 2009, Volume 4.
- Millemann, Michael. 2006. “Collateral Remedies in Criminal Cases in Maryland: An Assessment.” 64 Maryland Law Review 967.
- Nemacheck, Christine L. 2008. “Have Faith in Your Nominee? The Role of Candidate Religious Beliefs in Supreme Court Selection Politics.” 56 Drake Law Review 705.
- O’Connell, Anne J. 2011. “Agency Rulemaking and Political Transitions.” 105 Northwestern Law Review 471.
- O’Connell, Anne J. 2009. “Vacant Offices: Delays in Staffing Top Agency Positions.” 82 Southern California Law Review 913.
- O’Connell, Anne J. 2008. “Political Cycles of Rulemaking: An Empirical Portrait of the Modern Administrative State.” 94 Virginia Law Review 889.
- Ringhand, Lori A. 2008. "I'm Sorry, I Can't Answer That": Positive Scholarship and the Supreme Court Confirmation Process. 10 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law 331.
- Scott, Ryan W. and David R. Stras. 2008. "Navigating the New Politics of Judicial Appointments." 102 Northwestern University Law Review, No. 4
- Smart on Crime: Recommendations for the Administration and Congress. The Constitution Project: Washington D.C.
- Stras, David R. 2008. “The New Politics of Judicial Appointments.” 86 Texas Law Review.
- Stras, David R. and Ryan W. Scott. 2008. "Navigating the New Politics of Judicial Appointments." 102 Northwestern University Law Review, No. 4